Übersetzung für 'chieftain' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. creawebdesign.eu | Übersetzungen für 'chieftain' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „chieftain “ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: chieftain. In the fight, the chieftain 's son was also killed. Der Anführer der Armee nennt sich Stammeswächter. In such cities chieftainss govern together in a Council. Hier kannst Du mehr darüber lesen. Die gesammelten Vokabeln werden unter "Vokabelliste" angezeigt. Should a king or bonanza casino queen die without a successor, the tribe chieftains choose a new king. Der Sohn des Clanführers wurde beim Kampf getötet. Wenn ein Häuptling am Tipico casino app test seines Lebens angekommen ist wählt er adler-mannheim Nachfolger aus, der meistens schon eine höhere Fussball ergebnisse heute england im Stamm inne hat. Da er hier die stolzen Krieger nicht fand, auf die er gehofft hatte, machte Thrall sich auf, den paypal sofort nutzen unbesiegten Orc-Häuptling zu findenGrom Höllschrei. Extremely wildhole.com are the oversized knives of the rtg casino bonus codes no deposit. A riderless horse, stirrups backward for the fallen chieftain. Zapatas were chieftains and when your grandfather lived in a cave.
Stratified tribal societies led by tribal kings thus flourished from the Neolithic stage into the Iron Age , albeit in competition with civilisations and empires beginning in the Bronze Age.
An important source of information for tribal societies of the Iron Age is Greco-Roman ethnography , which describes tribal societies surrounding the urban, imperialist civilisation of the Hellenistic and Roman periods.
After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, tribal kingdoms were again established over much of Europe in the wake of the Migration period.
By the High Middle Ages , these had again coalesced into super-regional monarchies. Tribal societies remained prevalent in much of the New World.
Europeans forced centralized governments onto these societies during colonialism , but in some instances tribes have retained or regained partial self-government.
Arabs, in particular peninsular Arabs and nomadic Bedouins, are largely organized in tribes, many of whom have official representatives in governments.
Tribal chiefs are known as Sheikhs , though this term is also sometimes applied as an honorific title to spiritual leaders of Sufism.
The Afro-Bolivian people , a recognized ethnic constituency of Bolivia, are led by a king whose title is also recognized by the Bolivian government.
In Botswana, the reigning chiefs of the various tribes are legally empowered to serve as advisers to the government as members of the Ntlo ya Dikgosi , the national House of Chiefs.
In addition to this, they also serve as the ex officio chairs of the tribal kgotlas , meetings of all of the members of the tribes, where political and social matters are discussed.
The band is the fundamental unit of governance among the First Nations in Canada formerly called "Indians". Most bands have elected chiefs, either directly elected by all members of the band, or indirectly by the band council, these chiefs are recognized by the Canadian state under the terms of the Indian Act.
As well, there may be traditional hereditary or charismatic chiefs, who are usually not part of the Indian Act-sanctioned formal government.
There were bands in Canada in The offices and traditional realms of the chiefs of Ghana are constitutionally protected by the republican constitution of the country.
The chiefs serve as custodians of all traditional lands and the cultures of the traditional areas. They also serve as members of the Ghanaian National House of Chiefs.
The Solomon Islands have a Local Court Act which empowers chiefs to deal with crimes in their communities, thus assuring them of considerable effective authority.
His position is recognized by the Filipino government. The pre-colonial states that existed in what is today Uganda were summarily abolished following independence from Great Britain.
However, following constitutional reforms in , a number of them were restored as politically neutral constituencies of the state by the government of Yoweri Museveni.
Generally, a tribe or nation is considered to be part of an ethnic group , usually sharing cultural values. For example, the forest-dwelling Chippewa historically built dwellings from the bark of trees, as opposed to the Great Plains -dwelling tribes, who would not have access to trees, except by trade, for example for lodgepoles.
Thus, the tribes of the Great Plains might typically dwell in skin-covered tipis rather than bark lodges. But some Plains tribes built their lodges of earth, as for example the Pawnee.
A chief might be considered to hold all political power, say by oratory or by example. But on the North American continent, it was historically possible to evade the political power of another by migration.
The Mingos , for example, were Iroquois who migrated further west to the sparsely populated Ohio Country during the 18th century.
The tribes were pacified by units of the United States Army in the nineteenth century, and were also subject to forced schooling in the decades afterward.
Because formal education is now respected, some like Peter MacDonald , a Navajo, left their jobs in the mainstream U.
Also, though the fount of power might be the chief, he or she is typically not free to wield power without the consent of a council of elders of some kind.
Cherokee men were not permitted to go to war without the consent of the council of women. Tribal government is an official form of government in the United States,  as it is in a number of countries around the world.
Be that as it may, the territory of these tribes fell under the authority of the Bureau of Indian Affairs as reservations held in trust for the tribes.
Citizenship was formerly considered a tribal matter. For example, it was not until that the Pueblo people were granted U. The tank was expected to be able to engage the enemy at long range, from defensive positions, and be proof against medium artillery.
To this end, the gun was to have a greater angle of depression than the 8 degrees of Conqueror and would be equipped with better frontal armour.
The tank was expected to achieve a firing rate of 10 rounds per minute in the first minute and six per minute for the following four.
The first few prototypes were provided for troop trials from which identified a number of changes. Improvements to address engine vibration and cooling resulted in a redesign of the rear hull.
This increased the design weight to nearly 50 tons and accordingly the suspension which had been designed for 45 tons was strengthened.
Trackpads had to be fitted to protect roads from damage and the ground clearance increased. The design was accepted in the early s. Britain and Israel had collaborated on the development in its latter stages  with a view to Israel purchasing and domestically producing the vehicle.
Two prototypes were delivered as part of a four-year trial. In , NATO had specified that its forces should use multi-fuel engines.
This was further hampered by the Horstmann coil spring suspension , which made it a challenge to drive cross country and provide the crew with a comfortable ride.
Due to the cylinder linings being pressure fitted, coolant leaks within the cylinder block were common, resulting in white smoke billowing from the exhaust.
In the late s, engine design changed with the introduction of Belzona which was used to improve the lining seals.
This meant better performance and an increased speed. However, cross-country performance remained limited. For security reasons early prototypes had a canvas screen covering the mantlet and a sheet metal box mounted over the sloping glacis plate to disguise the configuration of the vehicle.
The driver lay semi-recumbent in the hull when his hatch was closed down which helped to reduce the profile of the forward glacis plate. The commander, gunner and loader were situated in the turret.
To the left side of the turret was a large searchlight with infra-red capability in an armoured housing. The Leyland L60 engine is a two-stroke opposed piston design intended for multi-fuel use so that it could run on whatever fuel was available.
Primary problems included cylinder liner failure, fan drive problems and perpetual leaks due to vibration and badly routed pipework. However, as the engine power improved the tank itself became heavier.
The tank was steered by conventional tillers hydraulically actuating onto external brake discs. The discs worked via the epicyclic gearbox providing "regenerative" steering.
In the turret, the loader was on the left and the gunner on the right of the gun with the commander situated behind the gunner. The suspension was of the Horstmann bogie type with large side plates to protect the tracks and provide stand-off protection from hollow charge attack.
The main armament was the mm L11A5 rifled gun. This differed from most contemporary main tank armament as it used projectiles and charges that were loaded separately, as opposed to a single fixed round.
The charges were encased in combustible bags. Other tank guns such as the mm L1 gun on the Conqueror, needed to store the spent shell cartridges or eject them outside.
In the event of a hit penetrating the fighting compartment, the jacket would rupture soaking the charges and preventing a catastrophic propellant explosion.
This contains radios, ammunition and fire control equipment and has further stowage externally. The gun could fire a wide range of ammunition but the most commonly loaded types were high explosive squash head HESH , armour-piercing discarding sabot APDS , or practice round equivalents for both types.
The Chieftain could store up to 64 projectiles though a maximum of 36 APDS, limited by the propellant stowage. The gun was fully stabilised with a fully computerized integrated control system.
The secondary armament consisted of a coaxial L8A1 7. This practice increases the rate of fire but would be hazardous with one-piece ammunition. Chieftain had an NBC protection system which Centurion lacked.
The tank commander had a rotating cupola with nine vision blocks -giving all round view, plus the 7. The aiming systems were provided for both the gunner and the tank commander; they had 1x or 10x selectable magnification power, increasing to x15 in the Mk5 and beyond, and they were replaceable with IR vision systems for night operations 3x magnification power.
The commander could rotate his cupola to bring his sight onto a target and then engage the mechanism that brought the turret round on to the correct bearing so that the gunner could complete the aiming.
The left side of the turret had a large searchlight with an electrically controlled infra-red filter inside an armoured box, with a relatively long range — up to 1—1.
This allowed engagements at much longer ranges, and also could be linked to the fire control system, allowing more rapid engagements and changes of target.
The upgrade was not finished until the end of , when some examples but not the majority had the IR searchlight replaced with TOGS.